Research 2 – Source material

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Found this, not sure if it’s worth sourcing but I thought i’d include this in my research nonetheless

Fandom as an example of participatory culture

Going to use page 6 of this book and use the boxed quotation in my essay

Participatory culture

Found this article describing a cartoon that caused a libel case – not enough information but worth mentioning now before I look for more

Success for daily newspaper in libel case

Found this law report regarding the defamation of character through satirical political cartoon mentioned above

Pitman vs Jersey Evening Post

I want to talk about political satire from early 20th century Britain

Doormat, David Low

Going to talk about fandom and copyright violation together, this article has some great information in it regarding these subjects, definitely quoting some of this!

In the beginning, there was fan fiction…

Obviously, I will be using this – citing myself in the bibliography as the author of the work. This is the subject of my essay, entitled (with a lot of thought and originality put into the name as you’ll see) ‘George the pickpocket’.


Think this could be enough, best get on, this essay won’t write itself!



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Just doing some research to get a better understanding of the subjects I need to talk about in my essay.

Jenkins on Participatory Culture

This may come in handy

The Civic and Political Significance of Online Participatory Cultures among Youth Transitioning to Adulthood

Found this book which talks about the challenges of participatory culture in the 21st century

Confronting the challenges of participatory culture in the 21st century

This book may help me understand political satire a bit better.  Not the full book, its a shame that there are no visual examples

Political Satire and its Censorship around the world

I’ll use this to define political satire in my essay


Again not a full book, but this may help me

Defending Politics

This has a lot of visual representation for what I want to talk about so it could come in handy

Doomed by Cartoon

Plenty to read from that! I should have a very clear idea about what I want to write by the time I get to writing the essay. Once I have read through all of this I will start looking for relevant sources to put into my essay, if I don’t find anything worth using out of these anyway!


Essay Plan

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I have planned my essay thus, based on the ideologies and theories connected with my piece:

Introduction (approx. 100 words)

What am I trying to do with this essay? Situate the mash up.

Introduction of key terms and ideas (approx. 700 words)

Political satire has been a key feature of media consumption for a long time. Stark examples of this culture is evident in newspapers and magazines dating back to to the Great War
Participatory culture – new way of consumption for everyone.
Fandom – Something that everyone does, making it morally acceptable.
Copyright violation – mash up culture and authorship.

Introduction of the case study (approx. 200 words)

The case study I have chosen involves a photo manipulation of a cabinet minister at a fuel station, encapsulating the public dismay over rises in petrol taxation. George Osborne is being shown to literally pickpocket money from taxpayers, in the same kind of way the public see the rise in fuel tax affecting them. More specifically, my case study is centred on the 5p tax hike introduced in January 2013; a tax increase that was going to happen, then assured it would not, but nonetheless happened anyway.

[IMAGE HERE (fig.1)]

Analysis of the case study (approx. 800 words)

Talk about the key ideas aforementioned in the second paragraph, and how the public would interpret the image in terms of those ideologies.

Conclusion (approx. 200 words)

A summary of the key points, referring back to the original hypothesis.


References to any quotes, case studies etc. used in the text.

Remix Culture

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Author – creator of the artifact
Consumer – the audience that views the artifact
Ownership – the author/company that owns the artifact
Rights – the author/company that owns the rights to sell, distribute and appropriate the artifact

Remix culture has not so much changed over the last 15 years, but the scale, quantity and media have. For example, the introduction of YouTube on a public domain meant that for the first time millions of people could upload their own and edited videos, giving birth to the mash-up culture we see today. This is not to say that it did not already exist in other formats.

Example: Gene Roddenberry (creator of Star Trek)

Fan based stories relating to star trek, using the same characters in homo-erotic imagery as front covers
Not so much a parody as a tribute, although imagery used may counter the message being portrayed by the original creative

The implications of remix culture are huge. Many people now view media with an eye to see what it can be re-appropriated into rather than creating something new using the original as inspiration.

This is what I have done with my piece. I have used a recognisable image of the current chancellor along with a picture of someone filling their car up with bio-fuel  however I have mixed them together to create something new with a completely different meaning.